Medieval Italy and Germany

Goliath and the Barbarians (1959)
Lombard invasion of Italy; the Lombards were a Germanic tribe who ruled a Kingdom in Italy from 568 to 774
The Flame and the Arrow (1950)
Frederick I Barbarossa (1152-1155)
12 c. Lombardy under German overlord
Sword of War (2009)
Frederick I Barbarossa (1152-1155)
1176, Frederick I Barbossa (Holy Roman Emperor) is heavily defeated at the Battle of Legnano near Milan on his fifth offensive against Italy
The Name of the Rose (1986)
Frederick I Barbarossa (1152-1155)
1327, not a true story, but a good depiction of monastery life of the time; set in Italy
12 Paces Without a Head (2009)
Frederick I Barbarossa (1152-1155)
1401, pirate captain in the Baltic Sea who walked 12 paces after being decapitated by officials of the Hanseatic League
Götz von Berlichingen mit der eisernen (1979)
Maximilian (1486-1519)
Germany in the Middle Ages; 1498, he fought in the armies of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I